Mongolia

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Mongolia is a landlocked country in East Asia. Its area is roughly equivalent with the historical territory of Outer Mongolia, and that term is sometimes used to refer to the current state. It is sandwiched between Russia to the north and China to the south, where it neighbours the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Mongolia does not share a border with Kazakhstan, although only 37 kilometres separates them.

At 1,564,116 square kilometres, Mongolia is the 18th-largest and the most sparsely populated sovereign state in the world, with a population of around three million people. It is also the world’s second-largest landlocked country behind Kazakhstan and the largest landlocked country that does not border a closed sea. The country contains very little arable land, as much of its area is covered by grassy steppe, with mountains to the north and west and the Gobi Desertto the south. Ulaanbaatar, the capital and largest city, is home to about 45% of the country’s population. Ulaanbaatar also shares the rank of the world’s coldest capital city with Moscow, Ottawa, and Nur-Sultan.

Approximately 30% of the population is nomadic or semi-nomadic; horse culture is still integral. The majority of its population are Buddhists. The non-religious population is the second largest group. Islam is the dominant religion among ethnic Kazakhs. The majority of the state’s citizens are of Mongol ethnicity, although Kazakhs, Tuvans, and other minorities also live in the country, especially in the west. Mongolia joined the World Trade Organization in 1997 and seeks to expand its participation in regional economic and trade groups.

The area of what is now Mongolia has been ruled by various nomadic empires, including the Xiongnu, the Xianbei, the Rouran, the Turkic Khaganate, and others. In 1206, Genghis Khan founded the Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous land empire in history. His grandson Kublai Khan conquered China to establish the Yuan dynasty. After the collapse of the Yuan, the Mongols retreated to Mongolia and resumed their earlier pattern of factional conflict, except during the era of Dayan Khan and Tumen Zasagt Khan.

In the 16th century, Tibetan Buddhism began to spread in Mongolia, being further led by the Manchu-founded Qing dynasty, which absorbed the country in the 17th century. By the early 1900s, almost one-third of the adult male population were Buddhist monks. After the collapse of the Qing dynasty in 1911, Mongolia declared independence, and achieved actual independence from the Republic of China in 1921. Shortly thereafter, the country came under the control of the Soviet Union, which had aided its independence from China. In 1924, the Mongolian People’s Republic was founded as a socialist state. After the anti-Communist revolutions of 1989, Mongolia conducted its own peaceful democratic revolution in early 1990. This led to a multi-party system, a new constitution of 1992, and transition to a market economy.

Source : Article Mongolia from Wikipédia

Did you know Mughal emperor Babur was a descendant of Mongol conqueror Genghis Khan? Genghis, who is remembered as one of history's immortals, was a leader of military genius and was driven by an inspiring vision for world rule. Believing he was divinely protected, Genghis united the primitive Mongol tribes of the harsh Siberian steppes. The great Khan organised these tribes into highly mobile and disciplined squadrons, with which he conquered most of the known world.
With these ruthless skilled warriors at his disposal, he defeated more kingdoms and won more battles in his lifetime than any other ruler in history. Although his brutal force served as a necessary tool in his victories, the great Khan ruled with wisdom, caution, ambition, and loyalty.
This painting is the only portrait preserved until today and was painted in 1278, almost half a century after his death.
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An action comitted in anger is an action doomed to failure.

Genghis Khan

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So beautiful 🤩

📍Uvs province in Mongolia
📸orgil_ln

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There are moments when you travel that you feel utterly and truly free. In those moments there is a sense of being disconnected from the rest of the world and in those 'rare' moments absolutely anything is possible.

Our nights in Mongolia's Gobi felt very, very special. 𝙀𝙭𝙥𝙡𝙤𝙧𝙚 𝙩𝙝𝙚 𝙬𝙤𝙧𝙡𝙙.
fujifilmx_us fujifilmuk touratech revit_official contimotouk continental_tire upshift_online overlandexpo advmotomag advpulse adventure_bike_rider bmwmotorraduk

#adventure #traveltheworld #travel #travelphotography #mongolia #exploremore
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Shepherd in the Mongolian steppe, #mongolia

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Bordering countries