Madagascar

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Madagascar is an island country in the Indian Ocean, approximately 400 kilometres off the coast of East Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world) and numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from the Indian subcontinent around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90% of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth. The island’s diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population and other environmental threats.

The first archaeological evidence for human foraging on Madagascar may have occurred as much as 10,000 years ago. Human settlement of Madagascar occurred between 350 BC and 550 AD by Austronesian peoples, arriving on outrigger canoes from Borneo. These were joined around the 9th century AD by Bantu migrants crossing the Mozambique Channel from East Africa. Other groups continued to settle on Madagascar over time, each one making lasting contributions to Malagasy cultural life. The Malagasy ethnic group is often divided into 18 or more subgroups, of which the largest are the Merina of the central highlands.

Until the late 18th century, the island of Madagascar was ruled by a fragmented assortment of shifting sociopolitical alliances. Beginning in the early 19th century, most of the island was united and ruled as the Kingdom of Madagascar by a series of Merina nobles. The monarchy ended in 1897 when the island was absorbed into the French colonial empire, from which the island gained independence in 1960. The autonomous state of Madagascar has since undergone four major constitutional periods, termed republics. Since 1992, the nation has officially been governed as a constitutional democracy from its capital at Antananarivo. However, in a popular uprising in 2009, president Marc Ravalomanana was made to resign and presidential power was transferred in March 2009 to Andry Rajoelina. Constitutional governance was restored in January 2014, when Hery Rajaonarimampianina was named president following a 2013 electiondeemed fair and transparent by the international community. Madagascar is a member of the United Nations, the African Union (AU), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), and the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie.

Madagascar belongs to the group of least developed countries, according to the United Nations. Malagasy and French are both official languages of the state. The majority of the population adheres to traditional beliefs, Christianity, or an amalgamation of both. Ecotourism and agriculture, paired with greater investments in education, health, and private enterprise, are key elements of Madagascar’s development strategy. Under Ravalomanana, these investments produced substantial economic growth, but the benefits were not evenly spread throughout the population, producing tensions over the increasing cost of living and declining living standards among the poor and some segments of the middle class. As of 2017, the economy has been weakened by the 2009–2013 political crisis, and quality of life remains low for the majority of the Malagasy population.

Source : Article Madagascar from Wikipédia

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#Madagascar Where Luxury & Nature meets. Enjoy the view? Tag your friends below


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Would you dare? 😁

Photo by goran_safarek
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This is a picture of The Avenue of the Baobabs, Madagascar 🇲🇬

Fun Facts: The Avenue of the Baobabs, or Alley of the Baobabs, is a prominent group of Grandidier's baobabs lining the dirt road between Morondava and Belon'i Tsiribihina in the Menabe region of western Madagascar. The baobab trees, known locally as renala (Malagasy for "mother of the forest"), are up to 2,800 years old. They are a legacy of the dense tropical forests that once thrived on Madagascar. 🌴🍂🌍

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Tb to meeting Madagascar's largest lemur species, the Indri. This was not a wild Indri but a semi-domestic one, found in palmarium reserve, a popular tourist destination where semi-wild lemurs can be fed by tourists. The Indri is critically endangered, so whilst these kind of attractions can be controversial, due to lemurs becoming overly habituated to people, tourism nonetheless still provides an incentive for locals to protect these species from threats such as illegal logging and poaching.
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One of my biggest dreams was to see the baobab trees in Madagascar. A few days before my planned trip, I heard on the news that bubonic plague broke out in Madagascar. I remember hearing that it’s a common seasonal occurrence over there but this time it was unusual because of its large scale; CNN was reporting nearly 3,000 cases. I remember watching the map of the outbreak on TV, spread out like a long wide road across the country, and I realized that it exactly overlapped and followed the outline of my itinerary 🤦‍♀️ As you can see, the plague scare didn’t stop me. I recall, the long journey to Morandava lasted 15 hours by car - but it was worth it! Plus, I enjoyed many stops along the way where I met with locals and learnt about the life and traditions of the Malagasy people.
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