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Madagascar

Madagascar is an island country in the Indian Ocean, approximately 400 kilometres off the coast of East Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world) and numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from the Indian subcontinent around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90% of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth. The island’s diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population and other environmental threats.

The first archaeological evidence for human foraging on Madagascar may have occurred as much as 10,000 years ago. Human settlement of Madagascar occurred between 350 BC and 550 AD by Austronesian peoples, arriving on outrigger canoes from Borneo. These were joined around the 9th century AD by Bantu migrants crossing the Mozambique Channel from East Africa. Other groups continued to settle on Madagascar over time, each one making lasting contributions to Malagasy cultural life. The Malagasy ethnic group is often divided into 18 or more subgroups, of which the largest are the Merina of the central highlands.

Until the late 18th century, the island of Madagascar was ruled by a fragmented assortment of shifting sociopolitical alliances. Beginning in the early 19th century, most of the island was united and ruled as the Kingdom of Madagascar by a series of Merina nobles. The monarchy ended in 1897 when the island was absorbed into the French colonial empire, from which the island gained independence in 1960. The autonomous state of Madagascar has since undergone four major constitutional periods, termed republics. Since 1992, the nation has officially been governed as a constitutional democracy from its capital at Antananarivo. However, in a popular uprising in 2009, president Marc Ravalomanana was made to resign and presidential power was transferred in March 2009 to Andry Rajoelina. Constitutional governance was restored in January 2014, when Hery Rajaonarimampianina was named president following a 2013 electiondeemed fair and transparent by the international community. Madagascar is a member of the United Nations, the African Union (AU), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), and the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie.

Madagascar belongs to the group of least developed countries, according to the United Nations. Malagasy and French are both official languages of the state. The majority of the population adheres to traditional beliefs, Christianity, or an amalgamation of both. Ecotourism and agriculture, paired with greater investments in education, health, and private enterprise, are key elements of Madagascar’s development strategy. Under Ravalomanana, these investments produced substantial economic growth, but the benefits were not evenly spread throughout the population, producing tensions over the increasing cost of living and declining living standards among the poor and some segments of the middle class. As of 2017, the economy has been weakened by the 2009–2013 political crisis, and quality of life remains low for the majority of the Malagasy population.

Source : Article Madagascar from Wikipédia

Photo: mrsblomaddictedtotravel "Cover the Earth before it covers you." 💞🌍🌎🌏💞
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➡️Madagascar trips? DM✈
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#HelloMadagascar #natural
#gasy #Madagascar #nature
#nosyiranja #africa #beauty
#travel #trips #baobab #love
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Photo by: zipcy_duck 😍🎀
"I have loved the stars too fondly to be fearful of the night, so do not be afraid of anyone or anything."
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#HelloMadagascar #teamgasy
#Madagascar #nature #natural
#travel #trips #africa #baobabs
#baobab #lemur #night #happy
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Photo by jodymacdonaldphoto | Fort Dauphin, also called Tolanaro, is one of Madagascar’s hidden gems. Nestled at the foot of the Saint Louis peak, it is strung out along a peninsula conveniently sandwiched between long pristine beaches and lush untouched mountains. Although it’s off the beaten track, it’s a great place to slow down, walk the beaches, surf the empty breaks, or explore one of the many fascinating historical sites that retrace the colonial history of the area.
For more images of adventures around the world, follow jodymacdonaldphoto. #madagascar #travel
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Photo by: madagascar.girl 😍💞
"There is no land like the land of your childhood. The best memories which should never be replaced."
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#HelloMadagascar #teamgasy
#Madagascar #natural #nature
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#beach #lemur #baobab #blue
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A few months ago, we trekked in Makay, also known as the lost world of Madagascar. It is a very remote, new protected area, truly a beautiful place to wander for Nature lovers. We wrote an informative blog post about our trip for anyone who loves Nature and adventures (link in my bio). In addition to education, I believe that the unique Nature of Madagascar is one of the things that can save its people from poverty. Unfortunately, most of the Malagasy population do not understand that yet. Tourism is a source of income for the local people and directly incentivises them to preserve Nature. Because of tourism, the people living near Makay stopped hunting lemurs for food. I invite all Malagasy who have the means to visit Makay, you won't regret it. -
Nous avons visité Makay il y a quelques mois. Makay est également connu comme le monde perdu de Madagascar. C'est une nouvelle zone protégée, pas facilement accessible, un bel endroit pour les amoureux de la nature. Nous y sommes restés 4 jours et 4 nuits. Nous avons campé tous les soirs et avons nagé dans plusieurs piscines naturelles. Nous avons décidé d'écrire un article informatif sur notre voyage pour tous ceux qui aiment la nature et les aventures. En plus de l'éducation, je pense que la nature unique de Madagascar est l'une des choses qui peut sauver sa population de la pauvreté. Malheureusement, la majorité de la population malgache ne le comprend pas encore. A Makay par exemple, le tourisme est une source de revenus pour les habitants locales et les incite directement à préserver la nature. À cause du tourisme, les habitants de Makay ont cessé de chasser les lémuriens. J'invite tous les malgaches qui ont les moyens de visiter le Makay, vous ne le regretterez pas.
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#igersmada #madagascar #igersmadagascar #malagasy #risemadagascar #madagascarwillrise #malagasypeople #madagaskar #everydaymadagascar #nature #nature_seekers #nature_brilliance #natureaddict #naturegeography #naturephoto #natureonly #naturesbeauty #travel #trekking #africanature #exploreafrica #camping #travelphotography #adventurevisuals #travelwithme #travelblogger #exploreeverywhere #letsgosomewhere #lifeofadventure
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[ The traveler sees what he sees, the tourist sees what he has come to see. ]
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#hellomadagascar
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#green
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#amazingnature
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Coloured SPOT-1 satellite image of the heavily silted Bombetoka Estuary, Madagascar. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
North is at the top. Vegetation appears red, water blue-green, bare earth white. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
The Bombetoka is the outlet of the River Betsiboka. The water, carrying enormous quantities of sediment (light green) flows northwest into the Indian Ocean. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
Islands of silt have formed in the Estuary, with mangrove swamps (red) around their edges. In the surrounding land native forest (red) has mostly been cut down and replaced with crops such as rice (bare fields black, flooded fields blue). ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
Image taken by the French satellite SPOT-1, August. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
Credit: CNES, 1986 Distribution Spot Image / Science Photo Library
#betsiboka #river #bombetoka #madagascar #africa #earth #nature #wild #travel #deforestation #environment #estuary #fromspace #geography #geographical #infrared #madagascar #mangroveswamp #riverbetsiboka #satelliteimage #earthimages #earthimage #upintheair #abovetheclouds #satelliteimage #satelliteimages #science #sciart #sciencephoto #scienceart
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